Zonca, Vittorio

[br]
b. c. 1568 Italy
d. 1603 Italy
[br]
Italian architect who wrote a book on machines.
[br]
All that is known of Zonca is included on the frontispiece of the book that is his only claim to fame. He is there described as architect to the "Magnificent Community of Padua". He compiled a book on machines entitled Novo teatro de machine ed edificii (New Display of Machines and Edifices), illustrated with numerous fine engravings. It was printed in Padua in 1607, four years after his death, by Francesco Bertelli, who said of the book that it "came into my hands", as though he knew nothing of the author.
During the sixteenth and early seventeenth centuries, a number of illustrated books on technical subjects appeared, compiled by knowledgeable and educated authors. These books greatly helped the spread of information about the technical arts throughout Europe. There were several books on mechanical devices, notably those by Ramelli, Besson and Zonca. In some ways, Zonca's is the most interesting, for it seems closest to the mechanical practice of the time. Several of the machines he describes are referred to as being in use in Padua or Venice and he suggests ways of improving them. The range of machines is wider than in other similar works and includes pumps, cranes, powder mills, printing and bookbinding presses and textile machines. Perhaps the most interesting of these is the water-driven silk-threading machine, since some of its components resemble those in use in the twentieth century. Spinning mills were widely used in the silk industry in sixteenth-century Italy, and Zonca offers a full description of one. He also shows the first example of an oblique treadwheel, driven by oxen for the grinding of grain. Even so, despite all the practical detail, the book ends, like others of its kind, with fantasy, in a description of a perpetual-motion machine.
[br]
Further Reading
A.G.Keller, 1964, A Theatre of Machines, London: Chapman \& Hall (provides brief details and illustrations from the books by Ramelli, Besson and Zonca).
LRD

Biographical history of technology. - Taylor & Francis e-Librar. . 2005.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Vittorio Zonca — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Zonca. Vittorio Zonca (1568 1602) était un architecte et mécanicien italien Biographie S étant appliqué de bonne heure à l étude des mathématiques et de l architecture, Vittorio Zonca y fit de rapides progrès, et …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Zonca — ist der Familienname folgender Personen: Erick Zonca (* 1956), französischer Filmregisseur Giuseppe Zonca (1715–1772), italienischer Komponist Vittorio Zonca (1568–1602/03), italienischer Ingenieur Diese Seite ist eine Begri …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Zonca — Cette page d’homonymie répertorie les différents sujets et articles partageant un même nom. Zonca est un nom de famille notamment porté par : Érick Zonca (né en 1956), réalisateur français ; Vittorio Zonca (v. 1580 ?), inventeur italien …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Jacques Besson — Infobox Scientist name = Jacques Besson birth date = 1540? birth place = Briançon, France death date = 1573 death place = England last residence = nationality = French religion = Protestant field = Engineering, Mathematics, InstrumentationJacques …   Wikipedia

  • Mechanical, pneumatic and hydraulic engineering — See also: INDEX BY SUBJECT AREA [br] Adamson, Daniel Alden, George I. Archimedes of Syracuse Ashley, Howard Matravers Banu Musa ibn Shakir Bilgram, Hugo Bodmer, Johann Georg …   Biographical history of technology

  • Textiles — See also: INDEX BY SUBJECT AREA [br] Anthelm, Ludwig Arkwright, Sir Richard Arnold, Aza Austin, John Bauer, H. Berthollet, Claude Louis Bevan, Edward John …   Biographical history of technology

  • performing arts — arts or skills that require public performance, as acting, singing, or dancing. [1945 50] * * * ▪ 2009 Introduction Music Classical.       The last vestiges of the Cold War seemed to thaw for a moment on Feb. 26, 2008, when the unfamiliar strains …   Universalium

  • Jurys de la Mostra de Venise — Les jury internationaux de 1932 à nos jours de la Mostra de Venise. Sommaire 1 Années 1930 2 Années 1940 3 Années 1950 4 Années 1960 …   Wikipédia en Français

  • John Lombe — was a silk spinner in 18th century Derby, England.He was born in Norwich in approximately 1693 the son of a worsted weaver. He was a younger half brother of Thomas Lombe, who after his death would go on to amass a fortune as a silk merchant in… …   Wikipedia

  • Field mill (carriage) — For other uses, see Field mill (disambiguation) A field mill, also known as a camp mill, was a premodern vehicle which acted as a mobile mill used for grinding grains, which had the very practical use of feeding a moving army. It was first… …   Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.